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    2014年考研英语一真题及答案

    杰克陈

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    共25页 2021-08-10 免费
    Section I Use of Language
    Directions:
    Read the following text. Choose the best word(S) for each numbered blank and
    mark A, B ,C or D on ANSWER SHEET. (10 Points)
    As many people hit middle age, they often start to notice that their memory and
    mental clarity are not what they used to be. We suddenly can't remember 1 we put
    the keys just a moment ago, or an old acquaintance's name, or the name of an old
    band we used to love. As the brain 2 , we refer to these occurrences as "senior
    moments." 3 seemingly innocent, this loss of mental focus can potentially have a(an)
    4 impact on our professional, social, and personal 5 .
    Neuroscientists, experts who study the nervous system, are increasingly showing
    that there's actually a lot that can be done. It 6 out that the brain needs exercise
    in much the same way our muscles do, and the right mental 7 can significantly improve
    our basic cognitive 8 . Thinking is essentially a 9 of making connections in the
    brain. To a certain extent, our ability to 10 in making the connections that drive
    intelligence is inherited. 11 , because these connections are made through effort
    and practice, scientists believe that intelligence can expand and fluctuate 12
    mental effort.
    Now, a new Web-based company has taken it a step 13 and developed the first "brain
    training program" designed to actually help people improve and regain their mental
    14 .
    The Web-based program 15 you to systematically improve your memory and attention
    skills. The program keeps 16 of your progress and provides detailed feedback 17 your
    performance and improvement. Most importantly, it 18 modifies and enhances the games
    you play to 19 on the strengths you are developing--much like a(n) 20 exercise routine
    requires you to increase resistance and vary your muscle use.
    1.[A]where [B]when [C]that [D]why
    2.[A]improves [B]fades [C]recovers [D]collapses
    3.[A]If [B]Unless [C]Once [D]While
    4.[A]uneven [B]limited [C]damaging [D]obscure
    5.[A]wellbeing [B]environment [C]relationship [D]outlook
    6.[A]turns [B]finds [C]points [D]figures
    7.[A]roundabouts [B]responses [C]workouts [D]associations
    8.[A]genre [B]functions [C]circumstances [D]criterion
    2014年考研英语一真题及答案
    9.[A]channel [B]condition [C]sequence [D]process
    10.[A]persist [B]believe [C]excel [D]feature
    11.[A]Therefore [B]Moreover [C]Otherwise [D]However
    12.[A]according to [B]regardless of [C]apart from [D]instead of
    13.[A]back [B]further [C]aside [D]around
    14.[A]sharpness [B]stability [C]framework [D]flexibility
    15.[A]forces [B]reminds [C]hurries [D]allows
    16.[A]hold [B]track [C]order [D]pace
    17.[A] to [B]with [C]for [D]on
    18.[A]irregularly [B]habitually [C]constantly [D]unusually
    19.[A]carry [B]put [C]build [D]take
    20.[A]risky [B]effective [C]idle [D]familiar
    【答案 1-5 ABDCA
    6-10 ACBDC
    11-15 DABAD
    16-20 BDCCB
    1. [标准答案] [A]
    [考点分析] 上下文语义和连词辨析
    [选项分析] 本题考查连词。根据上下文意思,首先可以排除[B][C][D]。这句话中 where
    引导一个状语语从句,主要是说记不清把钥匙放在哪里了。
    2. [标准答案] [B]
    [考点分析] 上下文语义和动词辨析
    [选项分析] As the brain 2 we refer to these occurrences as "senior moments
    这句话的意思“由于大脑 2 我们称这些现象为“瞬间性老年痴呆”由此可以排除[A]
    [C]。[D]collapse 意为:使倒塌,使崩溃,不符合题意。fades 考察熟词僻意通常意思为
    褪色,逝去。有衰老的意思,这里就考察是衰老的意思。从前文可以看出,文章讲的是随
    着年龄增长,大脑衰老。所以选[B]
    3. [标准答案] [D]
    [考点分析] 逻辑衔接题
    [选项分析] [A] if 表示假设“如果”。[B] Unless “除非,如果不”。[C]Once “一
    旦”[D]While,“虽然,然而”表转折。这句话的意思是虽然表面上看起来没什么但是
    危害很大,前后位转折关系,所以选 D。
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    杰克陈

    心中有阳光,脚下有力量,为了理想能坚持,不懈怠,才能创造无愧于时代的人生
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