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    2016年考研英语一真题及答案

    杰克陈

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    Section I Use of English
    Directions:
    Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark
    A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
    In Cambodia the choice of a spouse is a complex one for the young male. It may
    involve not only his parents and his friends, those of the young women, but also a
    matchmaker. A young man can 2 a likely spouse on his own and them ask his parents to 3
    the marriage negotiations. or the young man's parents may make
    the choice of a spouse,
    giving the child little to say in the selection. 4 , a girl may veto the spouse her parents have
    chosen. 5 a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other to make sure its
    child is marrying 6 a good family.
    The traditional wedding is a long and colorful affair. Formerly i
    t lasted three days 7 by
    the 1980s it more commonly lasted a day and a half. Buddhist prie
    sts offer a short sermon
    and 8 prayers of blessing. Parts of the ceremony involve ritual hair cutting, 9 cotton
    threads soaked in holy water around the bride's and groom's wrists ,and 10 a candle
    around a circle of happily married and respected couples to bless t
    he 11 .Newlyweds
    traditionally move in with the wife's parents and may 12 with th
    em up to a year, 13 they
    can build a flew house nearby.
    Divorce is legal and easy to 14 ,but not common .Divorced persons
    are 15 with some
    disapproval. Each spouse retains 16 property he or she 17 into the
    marriage, and jointly
    -acquired property is 18 equally. Divorced persons may remarry, but a g
    ender prejudice
    19 up .The divorced male doesn't have a waiting period before he c
    an remarry 20 the
    woman must wait the months.
    1. [A] by way of [B] as well as [C] on behalf of [D] with regard to
    2. [A] adapt to [B] provide for [C]compete with [D] decide on
    3. [A] close [B] renew [C]arrange [D] postpone
    4. [A] In theory [B] Above all [C] In time [D] For example
    5. [A] Although [B] Lest [C] After [D] Unless
    6. [A] into [B] within [C] from [D] through
    7. [A] sine [B] or [C] but [D] so
    8. [A] test [B]copy [C]recite [D] create
    9. [A] folding [B] piling [C] wrapping [D] tying
    10. [A] lighting [B] passing [C] hiding [D] serving
    11. [A] meeting [B] association [C] collection [D]union
    12. [A] grow [B] part [C] deal [D]live
    13. [A] whereas [B] until [C] for [D] if
    14. [A] obtain [B] follow [C] challenge [D]avoid
    15. [A] isolated [B] persuaded [C] viewed [D] exposed
    16. [A]wherever [B] however [C] whenever [D]whatever
    17. [A] changed [B] brought [C] shaped [D] pushed
    18. [A] divided [B] invested [C] donated [D] withdrawn
    2016年考研英语一真题及答案
    19. [A]clears [B] warms [C] shows [D] breaks
    20. [A]while [B] so what [C]once [D] in that
    Section II Reading Comprehension
    Part A
    Directions:
    Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B,
    C or D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (40 points)
    Text 1
    France, which prides itself as the global innovator of fashion, has decided its fashion
    industry has lost an absolute right to define physical beauty for woman. Its lawmakers
    gave preliminary approval last week to a law that would make it a
    crime to employ
    ultra-thin models on runways.
    The parliament also agreed to ban websites that" incite excessive thinness" by
    promoting extreme dieting.
    Such measures have a couple of uplifting motives. They sugges
    t beauty should not
    be defined by looks that end up with impinging on health. That
    's a start. And the ban on
    ultra-thin models seems to go beyond protecting models from starri
    ng themselves to
    health -as some have done. It tells the fashion industry that it
    move take responsibility for
    the signal it sends women, especially teenage girls, about t
    he social tape -measure they
    must use to determine their individual worth.
    The bans, if fully enforced ,would suggest to woman (and many men )that they should
    not let others be orbiters of their beauty .And perhaps faintly,
    they hint that people should
    look to intangible qualities like character and intellect rat
    her than dieting their way to sine
    zero or wasp-waist physiques .
    The French measures, however, rely too much on severe punishment t
    o change a
    culture that still regards beauty as skin-deep-and bone-showing.
    Under the law, using a
    fashion model that does not meet a government-defined index of
    body mess could result
    in a $85,000 fine and six months in prison.
    The fashion industry knows it has an inherent problem in focusin
    g on material
    adornment and idealized body types. In Denmark, the United St
    ates, and a few other
    countries, it is trying to set voluntary standard for models and f
    ashion images there rely
    more on pear pressure for enforcement.
    In contrast to France's actions, Denmark's fashion industry agre
    ed last month on
    rules and sanctions regarding age, health, and other characteristics of models .The newly
    revised Danish Fashion Ethical charter clearly states, we are aware of and take
    responsibility for the impact the fashion industry has on body ideals, especially on young
    people. The charter's main toll of enforcement is to deny access
    for designers and
    modeling agencies to Copenhagen. Fashion week, which is men
    by the Danish Fashion
    Institute .But in general it relies on a name-and -shame method of
    compliance.
    Relying on ethical persuasion rather than law to address the mi
    suse of body ideals
    may be the best step. Even better would be to help elevate notions of beauty beyond the
    material standards of a particular industry.
    21. According to the first paragraph, what would happen in France?
    [A] Physical beauty would be redefined
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    杰克陈

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