19. [A]clears [B] warms [C] shows [D] breaks
20. [A]while [B] so what [C]once [D] in that
Section II Reading Comprehension
Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B,
C or D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (40 points)
France, which prides itself as the global innovator of fashion, has decided its fashion
industry has lost an absolute right to define physical beauty for woman. Its lawmakers
gave preliminary approval last week to a law that would make it a
crime to employ
ultra-thin models on runways.
The parliament also agreed to ban websites that" incite excessive thinness" by
promoting extreme dieting.
Such measures have a couple of uplifting motives. They sugges
t beauty should not
be defined by looks that end up with impinging on health. That
's a start. And the ban on
ultra-thin models seems to go beyond protecting models from starri
ng themselves to
health -as some have done. It tells the fashion industry that it
move take responsibility for
the signal it sends women, especially teenage girls, about t
he social tape -measure they
must use to determine their individual worth.
The bans, if fully enforced ,would suggest to woman (and many men )that they should
not let others be orbiters of their beauty .And perhaps faintly,
they hint that people should
look to intangible qualities like character and intellect rat
her than dieting their way to sine
zero or wasp-waist physiques .
The French measures, however, rely too much on severe punishment t
o change a
culture that still regards beauty as skin-deep-and bone-showing.
Under the law, using a
fashion model that does not meet a government-defined index of
body mess could result
in a $85,000 fine and six months in prison.
The fashion industry knows it has an inherent problem in focusin
g on material
adornment and idealized body types. In Denmark, the United St
ates, and a few other
countries, it is trying to set voluntary standard for models and f
ashion images there rely
more on pear pressure for enforcement.
In contrast to France's actions, Denmark's fashion industry agre
ed last month on
rules and sanctions regarding age, health, and other characteristics of models .The newly
revised Danish Fashion Ethical charter clearly states, we are aware of and take
responsibility for the impact the fashion industry has on body ideals, especially on young
people. The charter's main toll of enforcement is to deny access
for designers and
modeling agencies to Copenhagen. Fashion week, which is men
by the Danish Fashion
Institute .But in general it relies on a name-and -shame method of
Relying on ethical persuasion rather than law to address the mi
suse of body ideals
may be the best step. Even better would be to help elevate notions of beauty beyond the
material standards of a particular industry.
21. According to the first paragraph, what would happen in France?
[A] Physical beauty would be redefined